Edvard Munch, 12th.Dec.1863--23rd.Jan.1944, Norwegian expressionist painter and printmaker. With his style of Strong mental anguish, he played a major influence on the growth of German Expressionism in the early 20th century.
Munch was born in Norway Løten, grew up in Christiania (now Oslo). Near relavtives of Painter Jacob Munch and historian Peter Andreas Munch. Munch's mother, Laura Cathrine Bjølstad died of tuberculosis in 1868. After his mother death, the young Munch rised up by his father alone. His father is suffering from mental illness, he impacted the children with the deep seated fear concept of hell, which is also a fundamental source of Edvard Munch works repressed emotions.
The 1885 Munch traveled to Paris, his works also show the impact french artists. First is the impressionism, followed by post-impressionist. Although Munch's painting style is mainly post-impressionist, but its subject is more about Symbolism which focus on portraying the inner world, rather than external reality. The main subject in Munch paintings are about life, death, love, terror and loneliness, using the contrasting lines and blocks of color, concise summarized exaggerated form, to express their feelings and emotions; his style is the prelude of the Germany Expressionism.
From 1892 to 1908, Munch spend most of his time in Paris and Berlin. After 1909, Edvard Munch returned to his home in Norway, demonstration his interests in the nature in his works, and the tone in his paintnigs became more colorful, the pessimistic ingredients been reduced quite a lot.
Munch passed away in January 23, 1944, one month after his 80th birthday, in Ekely which near the Oslo. He donated 1,000 paintings, 15,400 prints, 4500 drawings and watercolors, and six sculptures to Oslo authorities. To commemorate Edvard Munch, the authorities built the Munch Museum of Art (located to Tøyen). Munch Museum of Art collected the largest quantity of workds by Edvard Munch